2024.4.7英语阅读理解练习

How Things Move

We can watch things around us move. When something is in motion, it changes its position. Objects can move from one place to another. They can move in many directions. If you roll a ball, it might move in a straight line. It might also move in a curve. A swing can move back and forth. A light switch can move up and down. Fans have blades that move in a circle.

If you want to know if something is moving, you can compare it to other things around it that are not moving. If the things behind the object are changing, the object is probably moving. If they are not changing, the object is probably not moving.

You can measure the distance an object moves. Just measure the distance between where it was when it started to move and where it was when it stopped. Distance can be measured in inches, feet, yards or miles. Those measurements are in the customary system. It can also be measured in millimeters, centimeters, meters and kilometers. Those measurements are in the metric system.

1. What happens when a ball is rolled?
A. It can move in a straight line or a curve. B. It can move up and down.
C. It can move in a circle. D. It can move back and forth.

2. You are around 145 _________ tall.
A. millimeters B. centimeters C. meters D. kilometers

3. What’s the Chinese for “probably”?
A. 很可能 B. 不可能 C. 慢慢地 D. 快速地.

4. When something is in motion, what does it change?
________________________________________________________________

5. How does a light switch move?
________________________________________________________________

6. How can you test if something is moving or not?
________________________________________________________________

2024.4.6英语阅读理解练习

Color Shows Mood

Artists use color to create patterns. Color can also show different moods. Bright colors make us feel happy and energetic. Dark colors make us feel calm or sad.

The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue. They are the colors that can be mixed together to make different colors. Mixing two primary colors makes a secondary color. The secondary colors are orange, green, and violet (purple). Orange is made by mixing yellow and red. Green is made by mixing yellow and blue. Violet is made by mixing red and blue. Intermediate colors can be made by mixing a primary and a secondary color together. Some intermediate colors are blue violet and red orange. Black, white, and gray are special colors. They are called neutral colors.

Colors have been organized into a color wheel. It shows the three primary colors, the three secondary colors, and the six intermediate colors. Artists use the color wheel. It helps them know which colors they want to use together.

1. How may an artist use colors to influence(影响) the viewer’s mood?
A. By using only primary colors.
B. By using bright colors to evoke feelings of sadness.
C. By using dark colors to make the viewer feel energetic.
D. By using bright colors to make the viewer feel happy and energetic.

2. What can be created by mixing a primary color and a secondary color together?
A. A neutral color. B. A primary color. C. An intermediate color. D. A secondary color.

3. What is the purpose of the color wheel for artists?
A. It helps them mix primary colors to create secondary colors.
B. It helps them decide which colors to use together.
C. It helps them create neutral colors like black, white, and gray.
D. It helps them create patterns with colors.

4. What are the primary and secondary colors?
________________________________________________________________

5. Tell four neutral colors according to(根据) the text:
________________________________________________________________

6. What’s the Chinese for “intermediate colors”?
A. 过渡色 B. 中间色 C. 三原色 D. 混合色

2024.3.29英语阅读理解练习

The New Girl

There was a new family in the neighborhood. They had a little girl about Fiona’s age, and Fiona really wanted to meet her. The first time Fiona saw the new girl in school, she smiled and said hello. When she saw her on the bus home from school, Fiona asked if they could sit together, and she told the new girl all about their neighborhood. One afternoon a few days later, when Fiona was outside playing with some of her friends, the new girl came outside. She stood in her front yard, looking uncomfortable. Fiona smiled, and waved, and called to her, and invited her to come and play, which her new friend was happy to do!

What’s the new girl’s name?
A. Fiona B. Neighborhood C. Not sure.

She stood in her front yard. Who is she?
A. Finoa B. The new girl C. Not sure.

She stood in her front yard, looking uncomfortable. “looking uncomfortable” means ________________________.
B. looking for something B. not feeling good C. thinking about something. D. Interesting in something.

What is the main idea?
A. Fiona takes the bus to school.
B. There is a new family in the neighborhood.
C. Fiona is a very friendly girl.

Which of the following is a supporting idea?
A. Fiona smiles and says hello.
B. The family has a girl about Fiona’s age.
C. There is a new family in the neighborhood.

2024.3.28英语阅读理解练习

Our elementary school chorus had the largest participation in its history this year. They did eight performances – three in school, and five around town – and received an award for Most Improved School Vocal Group from the state. There was a lot of great talent, and ten students make All County Chorus.

1. What’s the Chinese for “chorus”?
A. 合唱团 B. 诗社 C. 跳踢队 D. 球队

2. What does the text tell?
A. Our elementary school chorus is very popular.
B. Our elementary school chorus had a very successful year.
C. There are a lot of students in our elementary school chorus.

Helen held the new baby carefully in her lap, while her anxious parents hovered nearby. Helen could hardly believe how tiny she was. Helen’s heart swelled with pride, and a new sense of responsibility.

1. Helen’s heart swelled with pride means ______________.
A. Her heart is beating with pride.
B. Her heart is full of pride.
C. Her heart stops with pride.
D. Her heart has nothing to do with pride.

2. What does the text tell?
A. Helen is going to take care of the baby.
B. Helen is a nurse.
C. Helen has a new baby sister.

2024.3.27英语阅读理解练习

Food is our fuel

Everything that is alive needs energy. All animals get the energy they need from food. People are animals. Think about the human body as an amazing machine. It can do all kinds of things for us. Food is the fuel that helps keep the amazing machine running.

Plants use sunlight to make their own food. Animals are not able to do that. Some animals eat plants. Some animals eat other animals as meat. Some animals, like people, eat both plants and animals.

Since plants make their own food using sunlight, the Sun’s energy is found in plants. The Sun’s energy is very strong. It loses a lot of its strength by the time it goes into a plant.

When we eat plants, we get more of the sun’s energy than when we eat animals. That’s why it is good to eat fruits and vegetables. When an animal eats a plant, the energy is less strong. The animal also used its energy to find the plant to eat. When a second animal eats the first animal, it gets even less energy than the first animal got. The second animal used a lot of energy to chase its prey.

Like a car that has to be filled with gasoline, living things have to eat again and again. Instead of gasoline, living things use food as fuel.

1. What’s the Chinese for energy?
A. 精神 B. 食物 C. 能量 D. 动物

2. Where do all animals get their energy?

3. Where do plants get their energy?

4. If our bodies are amazing machines, then food is our _____________________.

5. Why do we get more energy from eating vegetables than we get from eating meat?

6. If a third animal eats the second animal, will it get more or less energy?

每日读报30分钟

“大胖,你说,你们学校发的《学习报》,你除了做老师布置的题目,看过吗?”

“……”

“你们的《语文学习报》《数学学习报》《英语学习报》上面有很多的不错的文章、解题方法和英文,你为什么不看呢?”

“……”

“从明天开始,咱们每天放学回来第一件事,一起读报半小时。语文、英语、数学都要读。”

今天胖爸带着大胖做了第一次的读报练习,读了《语文学习报》上的《一节没上的钢琴课》和《走进泰戈尔》,读完之后胖爸帮助大胖总结了一下前者作文中写人的技巧——以事写人,让文中的人物开口说话;并针对后者的内容提出了一个探索性的问题:

请想想你知道的人中,谁能和泰戈尔媲美?

大胖说了两个人:苏轼和岳飞,胖爸补充了一个:毛泽东。然后我俩进行了简短的头脑风暴——简单的分析和讨论。

初步感觉效果不错,希望带着大胖提问、分析、思考,久而久之练就他独立提问、分析和思考的能力。

二年级英语阅读材料《The New Bike》

Mike got a new bike for his birthday. It is red and black and very fast. When Mike rides down the street, he rings the bell on his bike so everyone will know he is coming. He loves his bike.

英音,男声,慢速:

一周前胖爸开始让大胖每天朗读英语短故事2分钟,每篇故事4-6句话,30-50个单词,用词简短,且配有插图和三个练习题。两分钟内反复诵读,直到流利读完,然后进入下一篇。

多亏了已经教会大胖自己拼读相对开音节和重读闭音节的单词,故事中的绝大部分单词大胖虽然不认识,但是都能自己正确拼读。个别较长或者比较难的单词,教一教也很容易上手。大胖朗读的主要问题在于:

一、连读不行;

二、不能把握句子的重音;

三、语调(声调、降调)有时处理得不好。

口语的练习非一朝一夕啊!

大胖的归纳和总结能力亟待提高

____________ 植物能吃虫。

夏天,沼泽地带常常可以看到一种淡红色的小草,这就是会捕捉飞虫的毛毡草。毛毡草的叶子上有200多根小绒毛,这些小绒毛能分泌出一种黏性很强的液体,这种黏液还含有一种很甜的味道和香气,小虫子一闻到这种气味,就急急忙忙地飞来,一旦落到它的叶子上,就会被牢牢地粘住。经过1~2小时,小虫子就被叶子消化吸收掉了。 植物还会听音乐呢。一位印度的科学家常喜欢在花园里拉拉小提琴,放放交响乐。日子久了,竟然发现他那园中的花木,长得格外旺盛。于是,他开始正式对水稻进行试验。他每天在一块稻田里播放25分钟交响乐。一个月后,发现这块田里的水稻比同样一块没有听过音乐的水稻要长得更加茂盛,平均株高超过了30厘米。 此外,还有预报地震的山芋藤,能净化水的水葫芦,会“咬人”的漆树……
1.请为文章拟一个题目。(2分)
2.根据文章内容填空。(4分)
(1)毛毡草能分泌出含有很甜的味道和香气的液体,______小虫,然后____________小虫。
(2)听音乐的花木、稻子比没听音乐的同样的花木、稻子长得________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________。
3.短文重点介绍了__________、________的奇妙之处,简略地介绍了奇妙的____________、____________、__________。

上面的短文阅读题目出自大胖的一张二年级语文上册第二单元试卷,大胖觉得“好难,太难了”。

但胖爸觉得此题出得甚好,因为它很好地考查了孩子的阅读、理解、分析和归纳能力。平时阅读量小、思考得少的小朋友肯定觉得这类题目很吃力。

久违的新华书店

年年岁岁书相似(书还是那些书),岁岁年年人不同(孩子一岁一岁地长大了)。

上一次带大胖来新华书店看书差不多是一年前了。还记得从中班的下半年起,胖爸每天幼儿园放学就带着大胖来书店看书,虽然中间小有中断,但是总算是坚持到了小学一年级上学期。

每天坚持的阅读,效果还是很明显的,大胖在上一年级前的暑假,就已经认识非常非常多的汉字了,甚至有时还会在新华书店给其他小朋友当“小老师”。一年级刚开始的时候,课堂上做语文题目,别的小朋友还在听老师念题,大胖已经把题目做完了。

今天带大胖去新华书店,一来是周五放学去转悠转悠,而来是带大胖去看看关于“植物大战僵尸”的书,因为大胖前两天借同学的《植物大战僵尸》来看,没看完就得还了。

如果你正在发愁不知道怎样培养孩子的阅读兴趣和习惯,可以试试把他“扔”到书店里,在那里他无事可做,只好看书。