It’s time for Chinese class前面到底要不要冠词a?

在大胖的知识点上出现两个“奇怪”的句子:

It’s time for Chinese class. = It’s time to have a Chinese class.

前一句没有冠词a,后一句却有a。那么到底要不要“a”呢?

事实上有没有冠词a都可以,两个句子都是正确的,不过二者表达的意思稍有不同。

表达一般意义上的“该上语文课了”,习惯上不用冠词a:

It’s time for Chinese class.

下面的例子则说明了为什么用冠词a:

We just had 3 English classes. It’s time for a Chinese class.

究竟是do some/more exercise还是excercises?

最近在大胖五年级下的知识点中出现了一个词组:

do some exercise

那么问题来了,这里的exercise应该用复数形式exercises吗?还是单复数都行?

在说答案之前,我们先看三个练习题:

1. Hey Tom, you didn’t do well in the final exam. You’d better do more __________.
A. exercise B. exercises

2. Hey Tom, you look unhealthy recently. You’d better do some ________.
A. exercise B. exercises

3. Hey Tom, we’re going to have a jump rope match next week. You need to do more _________.
A. exercise B. exercises

exercise表示作业的“练习”的时候,是可数名词,因此用some或者more的时候后面要跟复数形式exercises。这样上面的第1小题答案就是B。

exercise表示体育“锻炼”这个意思的时候,既可以作可数名词,又可以作不可数名词。因此下面四种表达都是正确的:
do some/more exercise
do some/more exercises

exercise用单数和复数的区别在于:单数exercise表示泛指做各种体育锻炼;复数exercises表示多做某个特定的体育锻炼。

现在回到上面的2、3小题。
第2题说汤姆看起来状态不行,那么显然是建议他多做“各种体育锻炼”,选A,不可数。
第3题说汤姆下周要参加跳绳比赛,建议他多做跳绳这种特定的体育锻炼,选B,可数。

2023.10.14英语听写

Eleanor Rigby picks up the rice in the church where a wedding has been.
Lives in a ________, waits at the ________, wearing the face that she keeps in a ________ by the door.

And we’re so much more than ________ a list. We still connect you with top local pros, and ________ you ratings and/or reviews
But now we also let you compare from our ________ on hundreds of projects and book ________ instantly.

答案:

dream, window, jar

just, show, prices, service

Which/What festival do you like哪个对?浅说which和what提问的区别

大胖有一个英语填空题做“错”了:

—— _____ Chinese Festival do you like?
—— The Mid-Autumn Festival.

大胖填的是What,老师给答案Which。

事实上大胖做这个题的时候问过胖爸,这里其实用Which或者What都对。

一般来说,What常用于无限选项、较多选项或未知选项的提问,例如:

What animals can you think of in a forest?(较多选项)
你能想到那些森林里的动物?

What’s in the room? (未知选项)
房间里有什么?

Which则用于较少选项或者限定选项的提问,例如:

Which do you like, the apple or the banana?(限定选项)

Which bag should I take?(较少选项)
我该拿哪个袋子?

有的时候What和Which可以互换,且意思一样,尤其在问日期(时间)和旅行计划时,例如:

Which day is your birthday? = What day is your birthday?
哪天是你生日?

Which flight would you take? = What flight would you take?
你乘哪个航班?

有的时候使用What和Which都可以,但潜在的意思不同,what表示提问者对问题没有基础知识,没有基本了解,which表示提问者有一些背景了解了。例如:

Which Chinese Festival do you like? 提问者对中国的节日是有一些了解的。

What Chinese Festival do you like? 提问者对中国的节日没什么概念,比如刚来中国的外国人。

2023.10.10英语填空练习

1. 勇敢的消防员突然从着火的大楼里救出了一只小猫。

The _______ firefighter _______ rescued a kitten from the burning _______.

2. 祝贺你们队赢得了这场足球赛。

___________ to your _______ for _______ the soccer match.

3. 那个穿着蓝紫色裤子的女孩是一个来自泰国的旅行家。

The girl wearing a pair of _______ _______ is a _______ from _______.

答案:

1. brave, suddenly, building
2. Congratulations, team, winning
3. violet, trousers, traveler, Thailand

注意,traveler为美式英语,traveller为英式英语。

选择题:I’d like to eat something ____ from my country.

15. I’d like to each something ____ from my country.
A. delicious
B. special
C. different

昨天大胖被这个题目困住了,今天老师课堂上讲了,大胖说老师公布答案为C,因为用的是“different from”这个词组。

胖爸认为这个题目其实三个选项都没错,但即便是选C,也并不是用的different from这个词组:

I don’t like eating my country. I’d like to each something different from my country.

三个选项可以分别对应三种情景:

delicious

Tom is from Thailand, and now he’s in China:

Tom: I’m still not used to Chinese food. I’d like to each something delicious from my country.

special

Lily is from Beijing and she’s now in the UK:

Lily: I ate dumplings a lot at home. So I’d like to each something special from my country.

different

Josh is from Chengdu, Sichuan Province, and now he’s in the US:

Josh: Thank you for offering spicy food. But I’d like to eat something different from my country.

Internet还是internet?i到底要不要大写?

the Internet和the internet都是正确的用法。

在互联网刚刚兴起的时候,主要使用the Internet(大写I)。随着互联网的发展并逐渐融入人们的生活,越来越多的人倾向于将internet视作一个普通的名词,而采用小写的i,即the internet。

虽然目前有小写化的趋势,但the Internet中的i到底要不要大写依然存在着争议。

五年级上M1U3英语扩展知识

上海牛津英语五年级还是很简单,老师发了一些拓展的知识点,其中有一些胖爸再扩展了一下。

双宾语
sell the book to me. = sell me the book.
give the paper to me. = give me the paper.
类似动词还有bring, send, pass, post等等。

be good at …
有两个同义词组:
do well in …
be apt at …

sick people
“生病”,一般英式英语用ill,美式英语用sick。但ill通常作表语形容词,不放在名词前面作定语,所以病人只好用sick people了。
如果一定要用ill,将来可以用定语从句:
people who/that is ill.

job
between jobs 找工作。
I’m between jobs. 我正在找工作。

Leave还是arrive?大胖做错的一个英语选择题

大胖英语最后一题引起了胖爸的兴趣:

Let’s meet Uncle Li at the train station. He is going to _________ at seven o’clock.
A. leave
B. live
C. arrive

这个题目A(leave)和C(arrive)其实都是正确的,分别对应了“送李叔叔”和“接李叔叔”两种情景。

题目中出现了“train station”(火车站),值得一提的是train station和railway station在英国乃至欧洲都是普遍使用的;而在美国则多使用railroad station。

副词slow和slowly到底有啥区别?

大胖的5A M4U2知识点上出现了move slowly,那么这里用move slow行吗?

slow用作副词时和slowly到底有没有区别?现在就来详细说说。

像slow这样,自己既是形容词,又可以作副词的,语法上有个名字,叫“扁平副词”。例如:

hard
fast
slow
quick

一种观点认为,walk slow描述的是持续进行(发生)的动作;而walk slowly则描述的是即时的动作或行为。例如:
Tom walks slow. He’s too old. 汤姆走得慢,他年纪大了。
Tom walks slowly, because he is wounded. 汤姆走得慢,因为他受伤了。

不过就胖爸的观察来看,非正式表达中(例如口语中)slow和slowly差不多可以互换,没什么区别。在正式表达中(如书面语),要用slowly。

另外用在动词前面的时候一定要用slowly:

Tom slowly opens the door and runs out.汤姆慢慢地打开门,接着跑了出去。

综上所述,为了稳妥起见,还是都用slowly吧。它的比较级和最高级是:more slowly, most slowly.